Gynecological surgery refers to surgery performed on women’s genitals. It is usually performed for reconstructive reasons. It can also be performed for sexual or aesthetic reasons. Surgery consists of a type of medical treatment that requires intervention, manual or instrumental, from the doctor to the patient. When this surgery involves organs of the female reproductive system, such as the uterus and ovaries, we say that it is a gynecological surgery.
The subject generates many doubts and insecurities, so, here we talk about some of the most common gynecological surgeries:
- Total hysterectomy: surgery that completely removes the body and cervix. It is used to treat large and multiple fibroids, bleeding for no apparent reason and some types of cancer.
- Radical hysterectomy or Wertheim-Meigs surgery: procedure performed for the treatment of advanced cervical cancer. It consists of the total removal of the cervix and body of the uterus and ovaries, in addition to the upper part of the vagina, the parametries (ligaments next to the uterus) and the pelvis ganglia (lymph nodes).
- Trachelectomy or Conization: the removal of part of the cervix. Usually used to diagnose and treat cervical lesions, malignant or not.
- Oophorectomy: removal of the ovaries.
- Salpingectomy: removal of the tubes.
- Anexectomy: this procedure includes oophorectomy and salpingectomy, that is, the removal of the ovaries and tubes.
- Pelvic lymphadenectomy: removal of fatty tissue and ganglia (lymph nodes) that are found together with the vessels and nerves of the pelvis.
Each procedure has its particularities and only the doctor who accompanies the case can define surgical intervention as part of the treatment. Schedule an appointment before scheduling the surgery and clarify your doubts to minimize anxiety and understand what will happen to your body.